Achalasia

Achalasia

Achalasia is a motor disorder of esophagus characterized by impaired relaxation of lower esophageal sphincter

Symptoms of Achalasia are

  • Dysphagia
  • Odynophagia
  • Chest pain
  • Weight Loss
  • Diagnosis

    • Upper GI endoscopy to rule out obstructing lesion
    • Barium swallow
    • Esophageal manometry

    Treatment

    • Oral nifedepine and nitroglycerine
    • Botulinum injection
    • Surgery
    • Endoscopic pneumatic balloon dilatation