Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal cancer is the most common tumor of esophagus

Risk factors are

  • More common in male
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Gastroesophageal reflux and Barrett’s esophagus
  • Obesity


  • Dysphagia (more for solid than liquids)
  • Weight loss


  • Diagnosis is confirmed by endoscopy and biopsy staging
  • CECT, PET, EUS with or without FNA are essential tests for the staging of esophageal cancer


  • Surgery is the best treatment for early esophageal cancer
  • Advanced cancers are treated by chemotherapy and radiotherapy and surgery
  • For metastatic disease, esophageal stent can be placed for palliation of dysphagia