Achalasia Cardia is a rare disorder of the esophagus characterized by the impaired ability of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to relax and allow the passage of food into the stomach. One of the treatment options for Achalasia is Per Oral Endoscopic Myotomy, commonly known as POEM.
Achalasia Cardia is caused by impaired relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES). LES is a sphincter or valve between oesophagus and stomach. LES acts as a one-way valve, LES opens up, once the patient swallows food or drinking water. In between the meals, LES closes and prevents the upward movement of food or water
POEM is a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure designed to address the motility issues associated with Achalasia Cardia. Unlike traditional surgical interventions, POEM does not require external incisions. Instead, it is performed entirely through the mouth, using an endoscope to access and treat the affected area.
Considerations: While POEM is generally considered safe and effective, all medical procedures carry some risks. Potential complications include bleeding, infection, and perforation of the esophagus. Patients should discuss the potential risks and benefits with their doctor.
Conclusion: Per Oral Endoscopic Myotomy has emerged as a promising treatment option for Achalasia Cardia, offering a less invasive alternative to traditional surgical interventions. Its success lies in its ability to provide relief from the symptoms of Achalasia while minimizing the impact on the patient’s overall well-being. As with any medical procedure, individual experiences may vary, and consultation with a doctor is crucial for personalized advice and guidance.
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