INTESTINAL DISEASES

Celiac Disease 

Celiac disease is the disease of mucosa of small intestine.
It is characterized by small bowel dysfunction after ingestion of gluten in wheat.

Symptoms of Celiac disease are

  • Diarrhea
  • Stunted growth
  • Bloating
  • Anemia
  • Amenorrhea, infertility and impotence

Diagnosis

  • Serological testing
  • IgA anti tissue transglutaminase
  • IgA antiendomysial antibodies
  • Antigliadin antibodies
  • UGI endoscopy and small intestinal biopsy which reveals villous atrophy

Treatment of celiac disease

  • Withdrawal of wheat/oat/barley/rye containing food items from the diet
  • Dietary supplements
  • Steroids may be helpful in severely ill patients with crisis
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