I am Dr. Vikas Singla. Today, I shall talk about Liver Disease Symptoms.


The liver is a large, reddish-brown organ located in the upper right side of the abdomen, just beneath the diaphragm. It is one of the most important and complex organs in the human body, performing a wide range of vital functions necessary for survival and overall health. The liver is involved in processes related to metabolism, digestion, detoxification, and more. It is essential for maintaining homeostasis and supporting various physiological functions.

What is the work of liver in our human body?

–>Bile Production:
The liver produces bile, a digestive fluid that is stored in the gallbladder and released into the small intestine to aid in the digestion and absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins.

–>Protein Synthesis:
The liver synthesizes various proteins that are essential for bodily functions, including albumin, which helps maintain blood volume, and clotting factors, which are crucial for blood coagulation.

–>Ammonia Regulation:
The liver converts ammonia, a toxic waste product of protein metabolism, into urea, which is excreted by the kidneys.

The liver is central to metabolism, playing a crucial role in processing and converting nutrients from the food we eat into energy. It regulates blood sugar levels by storing excess glucose as glycogen and releasing it when needed.

The liver detoxifies the blood by breaking down and removing toxins, drugs, and metabolic waste products. It converts these harmful substances into less harmful forms that can be excreted by the body.

The most common types of liver infection are hepatitis viruses, including:

Hepatitis refers to inflammation of the liver. It can be caused by viruses (hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E), excessive alcohol consumption, certain medications, autoimmune conditions, and other factors. Chronic hepatitis can lead to liver damage over time.

Which are the SYMPTOMS of liver patients?

Persistent tiredness and weakness, which can result from reduced liver function and metabolic disruptions.

Yellowing of the skin and eyes due to the buildup of bilirubin, a waste product that the liver normally processes and eliminates.

–>Reduced appetite and vomiting:
Reduced appetite and vomiting are symptoms that can be associated with various medical conditions, including liver diseases like chronic hepatitis. These symptoms can have several underlying causes, and it’s important to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Itching (also known as pruritus) is a common symptom associated with certain liver conditions and diseases. It can be particularly prevalent in conditions where there is impaired liver function, leading to the accumulation of substances in the blood that can trigger itching. Itching associated with liver problems often occurs in the absence of a skin rash.

–>Fatty Liver Disease:
This condition involves the accumulation of fat within liver cells. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) occurs without alcohol consumption and is often associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome. Alcoholic fatty liver disease is caused by excessive alcohol consumption.

Swelling or fluid retention in the abdomen (ascites) or legs and ankles (edema), due to decreased liver function and fluid imbalances.

–>Skin Bleeding:
Skin bleeding or easy bruising is a symptom that can occur in some individuals with liver disease. The liver plays a key role in producing proteins necessary for blood clotting, and when the liver is not functioning properly, it can lead to difficulties in blood clot formation. This can result in easy bruising or bleeding under the skin.

–>Loss of Muscle:
Loss of muscle mass, also known as muscle wasting or muscle atrophy, can be a symptom associated with certain advanced liver diseases. Liver disease can impact various aspects of metabolism and nutrition, potentially leading to muscle loss.

Fields with * are required